Type in uname -a
and press Enter to verify that the operating system
installed on the server is what you requested (Linux Fedora 9 in the following example).
This command displays information about the machine and operating system it runs on.
Linux commands typically have a command name following by one or more parameters.
The parameters usually follow a single character preceded by a hyphen or a double hyphen.
Most commands support the parameter --help
to display a concise description of all
At first glance, these commands may look cryptic, but they are a part of a huge repertoire of
Linux commands that can do everything from a simple query to a very complex function to offer
complete control and support the administration of your server.
Command lines executed in a
non-GUI (Graphical User Interface) are adavantageous in the server environment, since they
require less processor time and can be put together in a text file by simple scripts to
automate most if not all aspects of your server operation.
[firstname.lastname@example.org ~]$ uname -a
Linux ip.myserver.net 2.6.25-14.fc9.i686 #1 SMP Thu May 1 06:28:41 EDT 2008 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
If you do not understand the meanings of the returned information, type uname --help
to get a brief list of description as following.
[email@example.com ~]$ uname --help
Usage: uname [OPTION]...
Print certain system information. With no OPTION, same as -s.
-a, --all print all information, in the following order,
except omit -p and -i if unknown:
-s, --kernel-name print the kernel name
-n, --nodename print the network node hostname
-r, --kernel-release print the kernel release
-v, --kernel-version print the kernel version
-m, --machine print the machine hardware name
-p, --processor print the processor type or "unknown"
-i, --hardware-platform print the hardware platform or "unknown"
-o, --operating-system print the operating system
--help display this help and exit
--version output version information and exit
As you may expect, uname -r displays the Linux kernel release.
[firstname.lastname@example.org ~]$ uname -r
Type uname -p
or uname --processor
yields identical result which indicates an
Intel processor. The option -i shows whether a 32-bit or 64-bit version of the operating system is used.
[email@example.com ~]$ uname -p
[firstname.lastname@example.org ~]$ uname --processor