Automate common task with user login script.
Immediately after successfully logging in your dedicated server via the secure shell
or a terminal window, there are many common repetitive initialization tasks that need
to complete to set up an environment preference to adminsiter your server. This may
include a customized search path that includes several subdirectories in your home
directory, setting up the right colors for your terminal session, choice of a text
editor, customizing the shell prompt, or displaying the current server's processes,
to name a few. Linux can save a lot of typing for you by executing the required
scripts once, immediately after each session login.
This section briefly illustrates how to automate common tasks via user login script.
Following is an overview diagram of a typical Linux login scenario.
User login / SSH Login
System login script /etc/profile
User login script /home/brucelee/.bash_profile
Shell startup script /home/brucelee/.bashrc
User logged in (login complete)
Each user's home directory contains login script files (beginning with a dot).
The following example shows the login script files in a typical Linux Fedora 9
installation. /etc/profile is executed followed by .bash_profile per every
successful login. .bashrc is executed every time a new shell is started.
brucelee ~ % ls .bash* -alh
-rw------- 1 ldao ldao 12K 2008-11-06 10:10 .bash_history
-rw-r--r-- 1 ldao ldao 33 2008-09-29 07:05 .bash_logout
-rw-r--r-- 1 ldao ldao 176 2008-09-29 07:05 .bash_profile
-rw-r--r-- 1 ldao ldao 181 2008-11-06 10:10 .bashrc
The following commands are appended to the end of the file .bashrc to add the directory
/usr/sbin and the login user directory's /scripts to the search path. The command prompt
is customized and is displayed with a percent sign (%). The current server's processes
are then displayed immediately after logging in.
# User specific aliases and functions
PS1='\! \u \w % '
ps axu -AH